Greek and Roman often had the same gods but with different names. Greek myths were depicted in Homer’s ‘The Iliad’ whereas Roman myths were chronicled in the ‘Aeneid’. Greek gods and goddesses are based on human personality traits as well as their roles in life while Roman deities were named after objects.
Greek traits: Creativity was more important than physical works and they revered the poet.
Roman traits: Focused on actions rather than words. They saw the warrior as sacred.
Can you guess who the equivalent Roman gods are in this quiz?
Zeus – King of the gods
2. Hera – Goddess of Marriage
3. Poseidon – God of the sea
4. Aphrodite – Goddess of love
5. Hades – God of the underworld
6. Athena – Goddess of Wisdom
7. Artemis – Goddess of the hunt
8. Eros – God of love
9. Pan – God of Shepherds
10. Helios – God of the Sun
Photos are courtesy of Britannica Online a part of our online resources at Hillingdon Libraries.
Legend has it that Craig y Ddinas “The Rock of the Fortress” is the last place where the fairies lived. It is said that under the huge rock, which is in the far western corner of Rhondda Cynon Taf in Wales, a great treasure lies hidden underground.
The treasure is guarded by a company of King Arthur’s knights, who have slept in the chamber for many centuries and will only awake if someone tries to steal the treasure.
Imagine that you have found the treasure and what it might look like…
Make your own Treasure Chest
You will need:
A small cardboard box, a shoe box would be ideal, my box was about 16.5 cm deep, 23.5cm wide and 11 cm high
Paint, crayons, felt tip pens or colouring pencils
An adult to help with any tricky parts, like cutting!
1) Cut all the flaps from the top of the box. Cut two semi circles of cardboard.
2) Cut a piece of card the width of your box and long enough to fit the curved edge of the semicircles. Glue the card to the semicircles to form the lid of the chest. Stick the lid to the box with strong tape along one of the long edges.
3) To give my treasure chest some texture I stuck cardboard strips about 2 cm wide to the edges as shown. Paint/colour your treasure chest. I painted the inserts brown and the bands black.
4) I lined the inside of my treasure chest with some red fabric but you could paint, colour, stick paper inside, anything you like.
Your treasure chest is now finished and it’s time to put your treasure inside!
Coins for your buried treasure:
If you have any play money (or chocolate coins!) you could use that, if not it is really easy to make some.
You will need:
An adult to help with any tricky parts, like cutting.
1) Draw different sized circles on scrap cardboard, as many as you want. To give your coins some texture, you can draw patterns on them with PVA glue. When the glue has completely dried, overnight is best, it should be clear and your coins are then ready to cover. I made about half my coins with patterns and half without.
2) When your coins are completely dry, cut them out. Cut a piece of foil big enough to cover both sides. Take care as the edge of the foil may be sharp. Apply a small amount of glue (glue stick works well for this) to the centre of the foil.
3) Place the foil onto the textured side of the coin and press lightly into the design. I found a tissue helped to ease the foil into the pattern.
Fold the foil onto the back of the coin. You may need a small amount of glue to hold the last fold down. Go round the edge to make your coin as round as possible. Don’t worry if your coins are not perfectly round, many very old coins were not perfect circles.
Fill your treasure chest with treasure. I put a small box wrapped in gold fabric into the bottom of my treasure chest so I didn’t need to find as much treasure. I put the plain coins in first and then the patterned ones. The goblet went in next. I used some of my necklaces and made some necklaces with beads. I cut the edge from a small paper plate and painted the plate gold. I put in a small pearl studded box and a blue glass crystal. I put a pretty stone into a red and gold bag and put that in. Then I arranged everything so it looked as if someone had opened the treasure chest and had a rummage through to see what was in it. The only limit is your imagination – but take care if you have preschool children at home, as many of these things include small parts and so are not suitable for little ones.
Rebecca from Hillingdon Libraries has created this Magical Myths Quiz to help celebrate our legends-themed week here at Hillingdon Libraries’ Online Kids’ Club.
The questions go hand-in-hand with our Britannica Library Junior online encyclopaedia, so we’d encourage you to log-in with your children to research the answers, which is a great way to practice study skills.
You can find BritannicaLibrary Junior, and our other online resources, on our website here. All you need to log in is your library membership information, including your card number and PIN (or you child’s card number and PIN, if you’re using their account).
If you need a hand, please do get in touch with us in all the usual ways – such as by contacting us on social media (you can find our accounts listed at the bottom of this post).
If you think you have all the answers, Rebecca’s next challenge for you is to use them to complete her secret message!
Finally, here are the answers:
Now you’ve finished the quiz, why not find us online and tell us how you did?
There is a legend that Sir Galahad, one of King Arthur’s knights, found the Holy Grail. As it is a legend we don’t know what the Holy Grail looked like, but we can imagine. Today we are going to make our own decorative version to display at home.
You will need:
A plastic bottle
Bits to decorate your grail
1) Cut the bottom and top from your bottle as shown. Mine was a 1 litre bottle. I cut approximately 8.5 cm from the bottom and 9.5 cm from the top. Depending on your bottle, there may be lines in the plastic to help you decide where to cut. Be careful, the edges will be sharp. Stick the top of the bottle to the underside of the bottom. PVA glue (otherwise known as white glue or school glue) will work. You will have to wait for it to dry, probably overnight.
2) Time to decorate. I painted my grail with a gold acrylic paint, but any paint that stays on the surface will work. Tip: if you paint the inside of the bottle you get a lovely smooth looking finish from the outside and you don’t have to worry about brush marks. This also makes decorating easier as you will be sticking straight onto the plastic and not the paint. Remember, your grail is decorative, not for drinking from!
3) Stick on your decorations. I used some plastic jewels I had in my craft box but you can use anything. Pieces of paper cut to jewel shapes, glitter, foil, any shiny paper, beads, the possibilities are endless. The only limit is your imagination, although take care of small objects if you live in a house with pre-school children.
Have fun! We would love to see your creations.
We would love to see the grails you have created, please send a photo to:
This week I have been exploring the Manor Farm site in Ruislip. At the other end of Ruislip High Street to the station this was the ancient administrative centre of the manor of Ruislip and dates back to medieval times. From 1096 until 1404 Ruislip was owned by the Benedictine Abbey of Bec in Normandy. In the 15th Century the manor passed into the hands of King’s College, Cambridge, who are still the titular Lords of the Manor. When King’s College sold Park Wood to the Ruislip-Northwood Urban District Council in 1932 Manor Farm was given as a gift to the people of Ruislip. The site covers 22 acres and includes the Manor Farm House, Great Barn, Little Barn, Cart Sheds, Duck Pond, Motte and Bailey, Cow Byre and Pram Shed.
The Manor Farm House was built between 1505 and 1507. It was the venue for manorial courts until 1925 and remained a working farm until 1933. Until late Victorian times the house was called Ruislip Court – it consists of a hall and cross-wing to the north of the entrance with a service wing on the south side of a passage. The hall was used as a courtroom when the manor courts were held, usually twice a year. It now houses the Visitor Centre which is open on Summer afternoons from Wednesday to Sunday (although not at present).
The Great Barn is the oldest timber-framed barn in Greater London and was built during the reign of Edward I between 1280 and 1300 from trees felled in Ruislip Woods. It would have been used to store crops and other produce of the manor of Ruislip.
The Little Barn was constructed some time before 1600 and was in use as a barn until 1930. In 1937 it was restored and converted to the library. Many of the original timbers can still be seen including the fine queen post roof.
The Cow Byre and Cart Sheds
The Cow Byre which forms part of the farm courtyard dates back to the 19th Century. It was severely damaged by fire in 1976 but has been rebuilt in the original style. The cart sheds would have been used to store the horse-drawn carts and have now been renovated for use as craft workshops.
The Motte and Bailey site
This is to one side of the Manor Farm House and is a scheduled ancient monument. Geophysical tests found the remains of a building which is likely to be the Priory that was here in the 12th Century.
Conservation began on the Manor Farm site in 2007, funded by the National Heritage Lottery Fund and Hillingdon Council and finished in 2008. It is a lovely little area and I am intending to revisit the Visitor Centre at the Farm House once it is open again.
Today we’re going to look at making and decorating your scrapbook.
If you are putting your pages into plastic sleeves to store in a folder, miss out this next stage.
If you want to make your scrapbook into the style of a book you need to take your first two double pages and place them together facing inwards. The left edge of the left page will be against the right edge of the right page, as if you were closing two pages of a book. Using a hole punch and holding both pages together, punch holes on the left side (you will be looking at the back of the left page) as shown.
Continue to do this for all the double sets of pages. You will have a double patterned page followed by a double empty page. Don’t worry about this for now, you will stick them together after you have decorated your book.
Now is the fun part. You are going to add photos or drawings of your family members and decorate your page with stickers, flowers, buttons or anything else you like. Ask everyone to tell you about their favourite things or give you some fun facts about themselves. Write about the person on their page. You can store extra photos or bits of paper in the pocket you made.
1. Having chosen your design, take your photos and arrange them on your scrapbook pages until you are happy with their position and glue them in place.
2. Make your decorations and arrange them on the pages and when happy with their placement, glue them in place.
3. Hand write your journaling strips, decide where to place them and glue them in position.
4. Doodle on the pages to decorate it further.
How to make decorations
Draw different sized flowers, butterflies, hearts and stars onto paper and cut them out to use as templates. Draw around them onto your coloured card and patterned paper and cut them out. Doodle around the edges to make them stand out. If you have any punches, you can punch out different shapes for decorations.
To create a ribbed effect with ribbon, place a piece of double sided tape onto your page where you want the ribbon to be. Take the protective cover off, put the edge of the ribbon at one end and make little loops as you stick it down.
Tie a piece of embroidery thread in a knot through a button’s holes to make it look like it is sewn onto your page. Use a glue dot to stick it down.
Cut out a circle of paper and make small cuts into the centre but only going halfway. Put a button or small piece of paper into the centre and lift up the cut edges to create a flower centre.
I wrote my fun facts on white card and then stuck it onto coloured card to make it stand out more.
Why not try printing out the person’s name using different sizes and styles of fonts, then back the paper onto the card and cut it out.
These are some of the ideas I used but you can use stickers, glitter and any other craft items you have at home to decorate your page.
Why not draw a picture of the person the page is about and use that as well as photos?
Have a list of questions for your family members, asking them about their favourite colours, songs, tv programmes etc or perhaps fun facts about them – you can include their answers on your pages.
When you have finished making all your pages, you will notice that the backs are empty. The reason we only decorated on one side was because we didn’t want to damage one side by working on the other. If you are putting them into plastic sleeves and into a folder you don’t need to do anything else as you will put two pages back to back in one sleeve.
If you have punched holes in your individual pages to make a book, now is the time to put them into an order you are happy with. Then turn over the right hand page and put double sided tape along the two sides and the bottom as shown. You will then stick this to the back of the next page in your book, leaving a gap at the top. This will create a pocket in between the pages in which you can store more photos, drawings or stories about your family. Do this all the way through your book.
To finish, put book binding rings or ribbon through the holes to hold it all together.
We hope that you have enjoyed making your own scrapbook!
Get out your craft supplies and photos of your family as today Anne is going to show you how to make a decorative family treefor Local and Community History Month.
Small head shot photos of your family
Coloured card or paper
Decorative hole punch
Stickers, flowers or other decorations
1. Draw a tree trunk onto white paper as a template or directly onto brown card. Cut out.
2. Draw a cloud shape onto white paper as a template or directly onto green card. Cut out one big one and three smaller ones.
3. Arrange to your liking and stick down onto a white card background.
4. Cut your photos into small shapes. Stick onto white card and cut around the edges with normal or decorative scissors to make a frame a bit like a postage stamp.
5. Use a decorative hole punch or cut out flowers or other decorative shapes to decorate your tree. I used an apple punch. Cut out some grass for the bottom of the page. Stick on.
6. Draw swirls onto coloured card and cut out for decorations. Cut out pieces of card to write some details about your family. Stick them down in a design that you like. You could write names of your family under their photos instead.
If you would like to try something different, here are a couple of alternative ideas for how to make trees:
Using green paint to make leaves from handprints instead of card.
Cutting out leaf shapes instead of the large cloud shaped pieces and writing information about your family on them.
As part of Local and Community History Month, Helen from Hillingdon Libraries investigates the story of an 18th Century man buried in St John’s churchyard, who spend some of his life as a slave.
If you had walked through St John’s churchyard, Hillingdon Hill, on Monday mornings before the lockdown you may have seen a small group of people mowing grass and cutting hedges. Many hours have been spent making the churchyard a tidy, peaceful place to sit and a respectful place for those who have passed on.
Buried there is a gentleman’s servant, Tobias Pleasant, who protected his employer, John Lane, when held up by a highwayman on 14th November 1780.
We know this because Tobias gave evidence at the highwayman’s trial at the Old Bailey in 1780. It is lovely to hear Tobias’ voice speaking at the trial and to feel that he regretted what he was causing by giving evidence, ‘I am very sorry to say it; life is sweet, I wish I could save him, but I must speak the truth’.
An entry in St John’s Church Baptism records show that Tobias was baptised there in 1763. He had been in the service of John Lane since 1747 and was obviously thought highly of, as servants didn’t usually have headstones erected.
His headstone states:
‘Here lyeth TOBY PLEASANT an African born He was early in life rescued from West Indian slavery by a Gentleman of this parish which he ever gratefully remembered and who he continued to serve as a Freeman honestly & faithfully to the end of his life He died the 2nd of May 1784 aged about 45 years.’
Imogen Robertson, while researching for her book Theft of Life, came across Tobias and the account of the trial and wrote a blog about the impression he had made on her. You can read the blog here.
To find out more about the slave trade and its abolition have a look at Hillingdon Libraries’ online resources:
On Britannica Library Adult you can find out more by searching for the ‘Transatlantic slave trade’ or ‘William Wilberforce’.
Jade from Hillingdon Libraries makes a magical fairy door from lolly sticks for our Myths and Legends Week…
Celtic myths come from the Ancient Celts who used to live on the British Isles over 2000 years ago. Most of the Celtic myths and legends that survive have come from Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and Cornwall.
Fairies are in some of the Celtic myths, but they are not as friendly as the fairies we know from some other stories. In a few different myths from Ireland, the fairies turned people into birds when they did something they didn’t like. But if you do a favour for the fairies, they might reward you with special powers or silver.
In Irish Celtic mythology, a Hawthorn tree growing by itself in the middle of a field is a fairy tree, and is a gateway into their world. It is believed that if someone cuts down a fairy tree, they will have bad luck for the rest of their life. In some places in Ireland, people have protested against their local fairy tree being chopped down to build roads, so the roads were built around the tree.
Make the fairy door in this craft to decorate a tree in your garden, or just a spot in your home…
You will need:
12 ice-pop sticks (clean and dry)
Paint (acrylic or watercolour)
Small pot (for mixing the paint)
Felt tip pen
Mix one part paint with two parts water. Paint one side of the ice lolly sticks with this mixture.
Place 10 of the sticks in a row with no gaps.
Put glue on the back of the two leftover sticks, and place them horizontally across the others.
Decorate your door with a handle and hinges.
You have made your very own fairy door! If you see any fairies using the door, let us know:
With the last of our homeschooling blogs we are joined again by Suzanne as she shares somes tips for the final time as we look at Key Stage 4.
Key stage 4 covers the final two years of secondary school, year 10-11 children aged 14-16yrs and covers the preparation and sitting of the national exams, these could be in the form of GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) or NVQs (National Vocational Qualification) or BTECs (Business and Technology Education Council). Some schools start key stage 4 in year 9. These exams will help your child determine their next steps, whether it is sixth form, college, an apprenticeship, employment or an alternative.
Along with their core subjects which are normally English, Maths and Science, your child will have selected a number of optional subjects to study.
There are different exam boards, the main ones are Edexcel, AQA and OCR. The school will choose the exam board that the students study but it is good to know which one it is so that any resources, past papers etc you choose are correct. Although all exam boards will have the core topics in each subject, there will be some variation in content and style of questioning in papers. For example, some boards use a lot of multi choice questions, others have lots of short answer questions and some have longer answer questions.
These two years can be stressful for some students and there are many things you can do as a parent to support your son or daughter. My mum always managed to know the perfect time to arrive with a cup of hot chocolate and my favourite sweets or a snack when I was studying for my exams. Thirty years on I still remember those acts of love and support!
Firstly as obvious as this may sound, letting your child know how proud you are of them will mean a lot. Young people can put themselves under a lot of pressure, not wanting to let down parents, relatives, teachers etc. They can also be sensitive to teasing from peers and pressure can come from the bombardment of adverts and articles on how to do well in exams and how to get 9’s and 8’s. Reassurance from family members can therefore be very valuable during these years.
We discovered that there are two clear steps to the exam process, step one is learning the actual content of the curriculum, and the second step is developing the exam skills required to answer the questions in the style required to achieve the available marks.
Getting into a good study routine and making notes from the start will be very handy for revision closer to the exams
People have different learning styles: visual, auditory and kinaesthetic so different studying techniques will work better for some people than they do for others. Don’t be afraid to try many different techniques to find the best one for your child.
Some people do not absorb a lot when they simply read through information. One strategy is to break it down by: firstly reading the title; contents; introduction etc. This creates an overview in your mind. Next, read chapter titles and subtitles. Finally begin to read from the start of the article or book, highlighting important concepts and taking notes. This method of reading will help to organise your thoughts and you will remember more of what you have read.
Post-it notes, highlighters, and different coloured pens can be very useful for highlighting important parts of text. Post-it notes can be put around a room or house displaying key notes or phrases.
As every person learns differently your child will develop a note taking system that suits their style. Do they find it best to draw a picture and diagrams next to key information? Do they prefer to write down most of the details they hear/read, or do they just need key points and examples to remember something?
Mindmaps can be very useful particularly if done during or after a study period, to summeraries the content learned. It can then be revisited during revision closer to the exam.
Regular testing can be another useful technique. My son found it very useful for me to test him with short rapid questions for 15 minutes at a time when he was studying for science exams.
Studies have shown that someone will remember approx 95% of what they learned if they teach someone else compared to a much lower percentage if they only read or hear the information. So letting your child teach you the important concepts they have just learnt will benefit them greatly.
Other people like to make up rhymes, songs, acronyms or podcasts to remember important pieces of information or dates etc.
Kinaesthetic learners may prefer to study with flashcards, actions or revision websites.
Helping your child make a study timetable can be very useful for them and you. You could do one at the beginning of the year and then revise it a few months before the exams. It is good to also have lists of topics to be studied. This helps to make sure all areas are covered, as humans we naturally tend to avoid the topics we are weaker on, but with a bit of time and study those topics will become stronger. Remember to ensure there are regular breaks – 5-10 minutes per hour is recommended, and that there are times scheduled for enjoyment and social activities.
As the exams draw closer it can be very beneficial to develop exam skills. Teachers will probably have handouts etc to explain how to answer different types of questions and how long to spend on answering them. You can purchase a range of workbooks and revision guides which also help in this area. My son learnt a lot by doing past papers. These can be downloaded for free from the internet along with the mark scheme. We corrected some subjects ourselves and had some papers marked professionally by ’Mark My papers’. There are some videos on YouTube eg: ‘Science with Hazel’ where a teacher goes through a whole past exam paper, explaining how to answer each question.
Free Library resources to help your studies.
RB reader for Hillingdon libraries, includes digital books, magazines, comic and audio books.RBdigital: Home
Sign in to Pressreader under Hillingdon libraries for free access to hundreds of magazines including covering all subjects/interests eg: current affairs, history science, nature, sport, politics, languages. https://www.pressreader.com/catalog
The Britannica adult encyclopedia on the library website is a wonderful online encyclopedia for teenagers and adults Access Britannica Library
Credo Reference is a database that contains more than 1,000 full-text dictionaries, encyclopedias, and other reference books by over 100 highly regarded publishers, that can be searched using keywords. Home
Free websites that may be helpful are
BBC Bitesize size offers short lessons and videos for all subjects and all exam boards in key stage 4 BBC is also running daily lessons on the iplayer/red button/website for this and every key stage.They also have a study App with flashcards and questions.GCSE
For Biology we found ‘Science with Hazel’ on YouTube very good. As well as many videos on the different topics, she also has some videos where she goes through complete past papers and how to answer them.
www.Freesciencelessons.co.uk This website and YouTube channel was set up by Dr Shaun Donnelly in 2013 and grew to become the largest GCSE science revision channel. It has very clear short videos for every every science concept explaining them is a no-nonsense straight forward manner.
Crash Course is a YouTube channel which was originally set up by two brothers at the University of Arizona to help students with two subjects. This short video explains more about ‘Crash Course’ and its history: https://youtu.be/Sc850jqMcwo. This quickly grew, and now there are hundreds of short videos about a huge range of subjects: English, maths, history, computers, physics, astronomy, etc. These short videos are led by experts from all over the world and are extremely informative. Crash Course Videos are suitable for adults, teens, and some younger children will also enjoy them. They are not necessarily curriculum linked, but are extremely useful to students studying for exams, as well as anyone who just wants to learn about the various topics they offer. We often would start by watching one video and would end up watching more because they are so engaging. Crash Course Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/crashcourse
The government has recently launched a website to support teachers and parents during this time. It has hundreds of lessons, all linked to the national curriculum for up to school year 10. It is completely free of charge. Oak National Academy
The Physics and Maths tutor is a website where you can download free past papers for Biology, Physics, Chemistry and English for all boards. There are also papers divided into each topic so you can concentrate on your weakest areas.
Great English revision is available here for AQA and Edexcel, including past papers, summaries notes, essay guides, character profiles and more. English Revision – PMT
Quizlet is a free website and App where you can make your own revision flashcards or use ready made ones, then use these in the different games and study modes to learn your information quickly and in a fun manner. The free version has always been adequate for us and a+we have never felt the need to upgrade to the subscription version.
BBC teach is another reliable resource from the BBC. The website is full of video clips for teaching which are categorised into key stages and subjects, we found it very useful for GCSE preparation.
Other useful resources
Mark my papers is a company set up by a mother of two home educated children. The aim of the company was to facilitate a way that home educators, parents at home could get mock exams, and coursework, corrected by examiners or teachers. Her business has grown considerably and she now also marks papers for schools, tutors and adult learners. We found them very useful for marking some mock exams on the lead up to GCSEs and will continue to use this company for our A Level prep.Home Education – Mark My Papers
‘Learners Cloud’ is an online GCSE e-learning resource that covers English, Maths, Biology, Chemistry and Physics. We used this to help with biology and Physics revision and found it very useful. A big advantage of this site is that you can pay for a weekly or monthly subscription which suit my son, as he would like to watch a big clump of videos over a week or so and then would use different studying resources and not come back to this for a few months. GCSE e-learning resource for teachers
Thank you for reading and we hope you found this helpful.